Australia has three tiers of Government – Federal, State and Local.
Federal Government covers the functions of defence, immigration, economic development and trade, taxation, some aspects of transport (such as the national highway) and some social services.
State Government manage education, policing, public health, social welfare, community housing, environmental protection, employment, state development, emergency services and some aspects of transport (such as the state road network and rail).
Local Government is not recognised in the nation’s constitution and owes its existence to State Government legislation (Local Government Act 2009). Therefore the role, functions and boundaries of Local Governments are subject to the discretion of the State Government of the day.